Solyndra: Financial Statement Fraud Revealed


Sheila Keefe, CFE, CPA
Principal, BDR Advisors LLC

The FBI is investigating the now-defunct Solyndra in connection with allegations of financial statement fraud. Solyndra received more than $500 million in government loans from the Department of Energy (DOE) as part of the stimulus package, but when it filed bankruptcy at the end of August 2011, the government realized it was not as healthy as it had presented itself in financial statements submitted to obtain and then renew government financing. 

The primary focus of the investigation is allegations of inflated (backlog) sales presented to the DOE to secure financing. Regulators are also looking into allegations of corruption on the part of senior executives, who for the moment are asserting their 5th amendment rights and refusing to answer questions on bonuses awarded.

The Solyndra bankruptcy sheds a harsh light on government oversight of stimulus money. Several red flags were overlooked when Solyndra’s financing was renewed at the end of 2010, including:

  • Ballooning inventory, specifically raw materials. From the 2009 financial statements, the last set made available to the public, Solyndra reported an increase in inventory in the period between January and October 2009 from $3 million to $11 million. Perhaps most concerning, finished goods inventory during that period were stagnant, remaining in the $650,000-700,000 range. Raw materials grew from $2 million to $9 million; one would hope that a DOE official would have asked the cause of increase in raw materials. One likely explanation for the build-up of raw materials was Solyndra’s reliance on unproven automated manufacturing processes that ultimately failed with the costly built-to-suit manufacturing equipment ultimately scrapped. Another alarming red flag was that in spite of growing inventory, Solyndra invested (taxpayer money) in building a second factory.
  • Suspicious revenue recognition. In Solyndra’s 2009 public filing, it defined its revenue recognition policy as recognized when “persuasive.” Such loose terminology does not approach the preferred standards that include objective measure such as transfer of ownership and minimal rights to return. 
  • Sales backlog: if product sales required a deposit, the liability for customer deposit would grow. An area investigators are likely to look at is the handling of such deposits to be sure advances were appropriately recorded as deferred revenue (a liability) rather than sales revenue.

In spite of these red flags and mounting operating losses and cash deficits, the DOE doubled down on its bet by agreeing to continue helping Solyndra, going as far as to accept a secondary creditor position to any new money received after December 2010. The FBI investigation joins Congressional hearings set to explore the extent of fraud perpetrated by senior executives of Solyndra.